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Atherosclerosis. 2018 Feb;269:272-278. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.11.006. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Molecular and functional characterization of familial chylomicronemia syndrome.

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Department of Cardiovascular and Internal Medicine, Kanazawa University, Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan.
Department of Cardiovascular and Internal Medicine, Kanazawa University, Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan. Electronic address:
Department of Laboratory Science, Molecular Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.



Familial chylomicronemia syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder leading to severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) due to mutations in lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-associated genes. Few data exist on the clinical features of the disorder or on comprehensive genetic approaches to uncover the causative genes and mutations.


Eight patients diagnosed with familial hyperchylomicronemia with recessive inheritance were included in this study (two males and six females; median age of onset 23.0 years; mean triglyceride level 3446 mg/dl). We evaluated their clinical features, including coronary artery disease using coronary computed tomography, and performed targeted next-generation sequencing on a panel comprising 4813 genes associated with known clinical phenotypes. After standard filtering for allele frequency <1% and in silico annotation prediction, we used three types of variant filtering to identify causative mutations: homozygous mutations in known familial hyperchylomicronemia-associated genes, homozygous mutations with high damaging scores in novel genes, and deleterious mutations within 37 genes known to be associated with HTG.


A total of 1810 variants out of the 73,389 identified with 94.3% mean coverage (×20) were rare and nonsynonymous. Among these, our schema detected four pathogenic or likely pathogenic mutations in the LPL gene (p.Ala248LeufsTer4, p.Arg270Cys, p.Ala361Thr, and p.Val227Gly), including one novel mutation and a variant of uncertain significance. Patients harboring LPL gene mutations showed no severe atherosclerotic changes in the coronary arteries, but recurrent pancreatitis with long-term exposure to HTG was observed.


These results demonstrate that LPL gene plays a major role in extreme HTG associated with hyperchylomicronemia, although the condition may not cause severe atherosclerosis.


Familial chylomicronemia syndrome; Lipoprotein; Lipoprotein lipase deficiency; Triglyceride

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