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J Vasc Nurs. 2017 Dec;35(4):211-220. doi: 10.1016/j.jvn.2017.06.001. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Psychosocial consequences in men taking part in a national screening program for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Author information

1
Department of Care Science, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address: anna.eriksson@connect.polyu.hk.
2
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
3
Department of Care Science, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Abstract

Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has proven to reduce AAA-related mortality, but how the knowledge of having an untreated AAA affects health and daily life requires further clarification. The aim was to investigate the psychosocial consequences and sense of coherence (SOC) in 65-year-old men diagnosed with AAA and participating in a national screening program during a 6-month follow-up compared with men with no AAA. The single-center cohort study included 52 men with AAA and 118 men without AAA. A questionnaire including the Short Form 36 Health Survey, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SOC, questions concerning stress, and questions related to AAA were answered at baseline and after 6 months. Men with AAA reported more problems with physical functioning, pain, and general health than men with a normal aorta at baseline. After 6 months, men with AAA still reported more problems with physical functioning and stress in relation to disease than men with normal aortic diameter. No differences were observed between groups in SOC, anxiety, and depression. A significantly higher satisfaction with information from the physician and desire to learn about the AAA diagnosis was reported at baseline compared with that at follow-up. Having knowledge about the AAA diagnosis may moderately impact physical health and perceived stress, and in combination with the increased prevalence of other cardiovascular diseases, may lead to impaired perceived health for men diagnosed with AAA.

PMID:
29153229
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvn.2017.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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