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Oncotarget. 2017 Oct 4;8(50):88139-88151. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.21537. eCollection 2017 Oct 20.

MicroRNA-370 inhibits the growth and metastasis of lung cancer by down-regulating epidermal growth factor receptor expression.

Author information

1
Tumor Institute, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Tumor Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, China.
2
Pathological Department, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Tumor Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, China.
3
The Second Oncology Department, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Tumor Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, China.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Abnormal microRNA-370 (miR-370) expression has been frequently reported in several types of cancers, including lung cancer. However, the role and molecular mechanisms of miR-370 in regulating the growth and metastasis of lung cancer have not been clarified. Here, we show higher levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but lower levels of miR-370 expression in most human lung cancer cells and non-tumor cells. Induction of miR-370 over-expression significantly reduced the levels of EGFR expression and the EGFR 3'untranslated region (UTR)-regulated luciferase activity in XWLC-05 and H157 cells, suggesting that miR-370 may bind to the 3'UTR of EGFR mRNA. Compared with the control cells, induction of miR370 overexpression significantly inhibited the proliferation, clone formation capacity, migration and invasion of XWLC-05 and H157 cells while miR-370 inhibitor over-expression enhanced their tumor behaviors in vitro. Furthermore, miR-370 over-expression down-regulated the EGFR and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression, and attenuated the extracellular single-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and AKT phosphorylation in XWLC-05 and H157 cells. In contrast, miR370 inhibitor over-expression increased the EGFR and HIF-1α expression as well as the ERK1/2 and AKT phosphorylation in XWLC-05 and H157 cells. Moreover, miR-370 over-expression significantly reduced the levels of EGFR and CD31 expression and inhibited the growth and lung metastasis of xenograft NSCLC tumors in mice. Our study indicates that miR-370 may bind to the 3'UTR of EGFR to inhibit EGFR expression and the growth, angiogenesis and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer by down-regulating the ERK1/2 and AKT signaling.

KEYWORDS:

EGFR; lung cancer; metastasis; mir-370; proliferation

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