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J Invertebr Pathol. 1989 Jan;53(1):85-92.

Laboratory experiments on infection rates of Amblyospora dyxenoides (Microsporida: Amblyosporidae) in the mosquito Culex annulirostris.


Laboratory observations were made of the microsporidian parasite Amblyospora dyxenoides in its natural mosquito host, Culex annulirostris. There were no differences in the numbers of eggs laid and in the proportions which hatched between infected and uninfected females, indicating that the parasite did not affect fecundity. Unlike other species of Amblyospora which have been studied the development of binucleate spores in adult mosquitoes increase with age of the host in both sexes and in females it proceeds independently of egg development and blood feeding. The same trend is apparent for adult mosquitoes which acquired the infection in the larval stage by horizontal transmission from the intermediate copepod host as well as for mosquitoes which acquired oenocytic infections by transovarial transmission. There was considerable variation in the proportion of mosquitoes which became infected after exposure to A. dyxenoides infected copepods. Infections in larval progeny of female mosquitoes infected via spores produced in copepods ranged from 0 to 100% in individual batches and averaged 45.6% with meiospore infections, 19.3% with oenocytic infections, with the remaining 35.7% being uninfected. Similar variability was observed in the progeny of infected female mosquitoes in the second generation after exposure to infected copepods. During experiments in which the microsporidium was maintained in C. annulirostris through 9 successive transovarially transmitted cycles (by selectively rearing the progeny of females infected with binucleate spores after an initial exposure to infected copepods) the proportion of infected progeny with oenocytic infections increased from 25 to around 50% whereas the incidence of meiospore infections declined from 50 to 10%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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