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Clin Otolaryngol. 2018 Apr;43(2):609-616. doi: 10.1111/coa.13032. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

General illness and psychological factors in patients with chronic nasal symptoms.

Author information

1
ENT Department, County Durham & Darlington NHS Foundation Trust, Darlington, UK.
2
ENT Department, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Stockport, UK.
3
Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
4
Psychology Department, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
5
ENT Department, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Only a minority of patients referred to specialists with sinonasal symptoms have clear evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aims to estimate the prevalence of and associations between (i) general illness factors (fatigue, autonomic dysfunction) and (ii) psychological factors (anxiety, depression, somatisation, personality traits) in patients presenting with sinonasal symptoms.

DESIGN:

The following validated questionnaires were administered to patients: the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) identifying symptom burden, Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31 (COMPASS-31) measuring autonomic function, Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) addressing somatisation symptoms, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the International Personality Item Pool-50 (IPIP-50). Comparisons were made with normative and general population data, and relationships were analysed using nonparametric correlation.

SETTING:

Secondary care ENT outpatients.

PARTICIPANTS:

Adults referred with chronic sinonasal symptoms.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

SNOT-22, COMPASS-31, Chalder, PHQ-15, HADS, and IPIP-50 questionnaire scores.

RESULTS:

Sixty-one patients were included. There was a high prevalence of all general and psychological factors assessed compared with controls. Total SNOT-22 scores showed significant correlation with Chalder fatigue scores, total autonomic dysfunction score, anxiety, depression, somatisation tendencies and the emotionally unstable personality trait. Emotional instability and psychological dysfunction correlated significantly with sleep and psychological subscales of SNOT-22 but not the rhinological or ear/facial subscales.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with sinonasal symptoms demonstrate high prevalence and complex associations of general illness factors, psychological distress and certain personality traits. The SNOT-22 is a valuable tool, but its utility is limited by correlations with these confounding factors (eg psychological factors) that may exaggerate the total score. The use of the SNOT-22 component subscales is likely to provide more clinically meaningful and discriminant information.

KEYWORDS:

anxiety; autonomic nervous system; depression; fatigue; patient reported outcome measures; personality; sinusitis

PMID:
29150985
DOI:
10.1111/coa.13032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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