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J Biol Chem. 1989 Feb 25;264(6):3500-5.

Molecular cloning, nucleotide sequence, and tissue distribution of malonyl-CoA decarboxylase.

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  • 1Ohio State Biotechnology Center, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase was purified from goose uropygial gland, reduced, carboxymethylated, and digested with trypsin. Several peptides were purified by high performance liquid chromatography and their amino acid sequences determined. Oligonucleotide probes were prepared based on their amino acid sequences. Size-selected RNA from the goose uropygial gland was used to construct cDNA libraries in lambda gt11 and pUC9 vectors. Immunological screening of the lambda gt11 cDNA library yielded one clone, lambda DC1, which contained a 2.2-kilobase pair insert; hybridization with the synthetic oligonucleotide probes confirmed its identity as malonyl decarboxylase. Screening of the pUC9 cDNA library with the insert of lambda DC1 as a probe detected one clone, pDC2, with an insert of 2.9 kilobase pairs. The nucleotide sequences of the two cDNAs revealed an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 462 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence was confirmed as malonyl-CoA decarboxylase by matching it to the amino acid sequences of three tryptic peptides derived from mature enzyme. Northern blot analysis of mRNA from goose brain, kidney, liver, lung, and gland revealed malonyl-decarboxylase mRNA of 3000 nucleotides. Since clone pDC2 contains a 2928-nucleotide insert, it represents nearly the full length of mRNA. Brain, kidney, lung, and liver contained less than 1% of the malonyl-CoA decarboxylase mRNA in the gland. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA showed a single band in both liver and gland, suggesting that malonyl-CoA decarboxylase is a single copy gene.

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