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Child Obes. 2018 Apr;14(3):149-157. doi: 10.1089/chi.2017.0159. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Increased Cellular Aging by 3 Years of Age in Latino, Preschool Children Who Consume More Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatrics, University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.
2
2 Department of Biophyiscs, and Biochemistry, University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.
3
3 Psychiatry, University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies in adults and older children find that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases risk for obesity and cellular aging, as measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL).

METHODS:

In a previously described, San Francisco-based Latino birth cohort, where telomere length was measured at birth, we evaluate the relationship between beverage consumption (including SSB and 100% fruit juice), obesity, and LTL at 2-3 years old, as well as change in LTL from birth. LTL (T/S Ratio) was measured in 61 children (mean 2.4 years ±0.6 standard deviation). Multivariable linear regression models are used to ascertain beverage type and obesity as independent predictors of LTL and change in LTL.

RESULTS:

Mean telomere length was 1.58 ± 0.20 (T/S Ratio) and mean yearly change was -0.08 ± -0.09 (T/S Ratio). Predictors of shorter telomere length at age 2-3 included increased consumption of SSB (Beta Coeff = -0.009 95% CI [-0.02 to -0.0008]; p = 0.03). Telomere length at birth was the strongest predictor of rate of attrition from birth to 2-3 years of age and males tended to have more rapid attrition.

CONCLUSION:

Excessive SSB consumption impacts early childhood immune system health adversely, possibly before the development of obesity.

KEYWORDS:

SSB; obesity; soda; telomere

PMID:
29148828
PMCID:
PMC5910035
DOI:
10.1089/chi.2017.0159
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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