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J Clin Nurs. 2018 Apr;27(7-8):1346-1359. doi: 10.1111/jocn.14165. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Stress and ways of coping among nurse managers: An integrative review.

Author information

1
Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
2
Kent State University, Tuscarawas, Ohio, USA.
3
Emilio Aguinaldo College, Manila, Philippines.
4
University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
5
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

To appraise and synthesise empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilised by nurse managers when dealing with stress.

BACKGROUND:

The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well-being, patients' outcomes and organisational productivity. Considerable research has been carried out; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organisational issue has not been performed.

DESIGN:

An integrative review.

METHODS:

Five databases (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS, PubMed, PsychINFO and MEDLINE) were searched to identify relevant articles. Search terms and MeSH terms included: "charge nurse," "coping," "coping strategy," "coping style," "psychological adaptation," "psychological stress," "stressors," "nurse manager" and "unit manager." Twenty-two articles were included in this review. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement guidelines.

RESULTS:

Four themes were identified: moderate stress levels, common sources of stress, ways of coping and the impact of nurses' characteristics on stress.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nurse managers experienced moderate levels of stress mainly from heavy workloads, lack of resources and financial responsibilities. Enhancing social support and promoting job control were seen as important in reducing work stress and its related consequences. Additional studies using a more rigorous method and a larger sample size preferably in multicultural settings would shed more light on this topic.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

Hospital and nurse administrators play an important role in promoting supportive structures for daily professional practice for nurse managers through staffing, organisational resources, support services, leadership and stress management training.

KEYWORDS:

charge nurse; coping; coping strategy; coping style; nurse manager; psychological adaptation; psychological stress; stressors; unit manager

PMID:
29148110
DOI:
10.1111/jocn.14165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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