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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;1037:97-131. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-6583-5_8.

Regulation of Signal Transduction by DJ-1.

Author information

1
Center for Neurodegenerative and Neuroimmunologic Diseases, Department of Neurology, Rutgers - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA.
2
Center for Neurodegenerative and Neuroimmunologic Diseases, Department of Neurology, Rutgers - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA. m.mouradian@rutgers.edu.

Abstract

The ability of DJ-1 to modulate signal transduction has significant effects on how the cell regulates normal processes such as growth, senescence, apoptosis, and autophagy to adapt to changing environmental stimuli and stresses. Perturbations of DJ-1 levels or function can disrupt the equilibrium of homeostatic signaling networks and set off cascades that play a role in the pathogenesis of conditions such as cancer and Parkinson's disease.DJ-1 plays a major role in various pathways. It mediates cell survival and proliferation by activating the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) pathway and the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. It attenuates cell death signaling by inhibiting apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) activation as well as by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1 (MEKK1/MAP3K1) activation of downstream apoptotic cascades. It also modulates autophagy through the ERK, Akt, or the JNK/Beclin1 pathways. In addition, DJ-1 regulates the transcription of genes essential for male reproductive function, such as spermatogenesis, by relaying nuclear receptor androgen receptor (AR) signaling. In this chapter, we summarize the ways that DJ-1 regulates these pathways, focusing on how its role in signal transduction contributes to cellular homeostasis and the pathologic states that result from dysregulation.

KEYWORDS:

AR; ASK1; Akt; Cell signaling; DJ-1; Daxx; ERK; JNK; MAPK; MEK; MEKK1; PI3K; Raf; Ras; Signal transduction; Trx1; mTOR; p38

PMID:
29147906
PMCID:
PMC5821264
DOI:
10.1007/978-981-10-6583-5_8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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