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Korean J Food Sci Anim Resour. 2017;37(5):698-707. doi: 10.5851/kosfa.2017.37.5.698. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Impacts of Irradiation Sources on Quality Attributes of Low-salt Sausage during Refrigerated Storage.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.
2
Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 52725, Korea.
3
Food Processing Research Center, Korean Food Research Institute, Wanju 55365, Korea.

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the impacts of irradiation sources on quality attributes of low-salt sausage during refrigerated storage. Control sausage was prepared with 1.5% sodium chloride (NaCl), whereas low-salt sausage was formulated with 0.75% NaCl (a 50% reduction; L-control). Sausage samples were vacuum-packaged, and low-sausages were irradiated with gamma-ray, electron-beam and X-ray at 5 kGy, respectively. The samples were stored at 4°C for 28 d to determine changes in quality attributes. The pH of low-salt sausages was unaffected by irradiation at 5 kGy (p>0.05). Higher redness values were found at irradiated low-salt sausages compared to control (p<0.05). The hardness, gumminess and chewiness of control sausage were higher than those of low-salt sausages (p<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the textural parameters between low-salt sausage treatments. The overall sensory acceptability score of irradiated/low-salt sausages were lower than L-control due to decreased scores for cooked meat flavor but increased radiolytic off-flavor (p<0.05). The initial 2-thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) values of irradiated/low-salt sausages were higher than control and L-control (p<0.05). However, the TBARS values of irradiated treatments were significantly lower than control at the end of storage. Irradiation could effectively inhibit the microorganism growth (total aerobic bacteria, coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, and Pseudomonas spp.) in low-salt sausages (p<0.05). Therefore, our findings show that irradiation could be to improve microbial safety of low-salt sausages, and suggest that further studies should be necessary to reducing radiolytic off-flavor of irradiated/low-salt sausages.

KEYWORDS:

ionizing source; lipid oxidation; low-sodium; microbial; sausage

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