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Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids. 2018 Feb;1863(2):152-164. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2017.11.005. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Specific oxygenation of plasma membrane phospholipids by Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipoxygenase induces structural and functional alterations in mammalian cells.

Author information

1
Systems Immunity Research Institute, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.
2
Institute of Biochemistry, Charite - University Medicine Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.
3
Systems Immunity Research Institute, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. Electronic address: o-donnellvb@cardiff.ac.uk.
4
Institute of Biochemistry, Charite - University Medicine Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: hartmut.kuehn@charite.de.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative pathogen, which causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromized patients. These bacteria express a secreted lipoxygenase (PA-LOX), which oxygenates free arachidonic acid to 15S-hydro(pero)xyeicosatetraenoic acid. It binds phospholipids at its active site and physically interacts with lipid vesicles. When incubated with red blood cells membrane lipids are oxidized and hemolysis is induced but the structures of the oxygenated membrane lipids have not been determined. Using a lipidomic approach, we analyzed the formation of oxidized phospholipids generated during the in vitro incubation of recombinant PA-LOX with human erythrocytes and cultured human lung epithelial cells. Precursor scanning of lipid extracts prepared from these cells followed by multiple reaction monitoring and MS/MS analysis revealed a complex mixture of oxidation products. For human red blood cells this mixture comprised forty different phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine species carrying oxidized fatty acid residues, such as hydroxy-octadecadienoic acids, hydroxy- and keto-eicosatetraenoic acid, hydroxy-docosahexaenoic acid as well as oxygenated derivatives of less frequently occurring polyenoic fatty acids. Similar oxygenation products were also detected when cultured lung epithelial cells were employed but here the amounts of oxygenated lipids were smaller and under identical experimental conditions we did not detect major signs of cell lysis. However, live imaging indicated an impaired capacity for trypan blue exclusion and an augmented mitosis rate. Taken together these data indicate that PA-LOX can oxidize the membrane lipids of eukaryotic cells and that the functional consequences of this reaction strongly depend on the cell type.

KEYWORDS:

Biomembranes; Eicosanoids; Fatty acids; Infectious diseases; Lipidomics; Oxidative stress; Phospholipids

PMID:
29146531
PMCID:
PMC5764228
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2017.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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