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Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2017 Nov 16;16(1):75. doi: 10.1186/s12941-017-0248-3.

Molecular characterization of β-lactamase genes in clinical isolates of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Raible KM1,2, Sen B1,2, Law N1, Bias TE1, Emery CL1,3, Ehrlich GD1,2,4,5,6, Joshi SG7,8,9.

Author information

1
Center for Surgical Infections & Biofilms, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Infectious diseases, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA.
2
Center for Genomic Sciences, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Infectious diseases, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA.
3
Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
4
Center for Advanced Microbial Processing, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA.
5
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA.
6
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA.
7
Center for Surgical Infections & Biofilms, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Infectious diseases, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA. sgj24@drexel.edu.
8
Center for Genomic Sciences, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Infectious diseases, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA. sgj24@drexel.edu.
9
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA. sgj24@drexel.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen which is establishing as a major cause of morbidity and mortality within the healthcare community. The success of this pathogen is largely due to its ability to rapidly gain resistance to antimicrobial therapies and its capability to persist in an abiotic environment through the production of a biofilm. Our tertiary-care hospital has showed high incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolates.

METHODS:

In this study we explore both genotypic and phenotypic properties of 26 CRAB isolates: 16 isolates were collected from January 2010 to March 2011, and 10 were collected between February and May 2015.

RESULTS:

We determined that all 26 CRAB isolates possessed multiple β-lactamase genes, including genes from Groups A, C, and D. Specifically, 42% of the isolates possesses the potentially plasmid-borne genes of OXA-23-like or OXA-40-like β-lactamase. The presence of mobile gene element integron cassettes and/or integrases in 88% of the isolates suggests a possible mechanism of dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Additionally, the location of insertion sequence (IS) ISAba1 in promotor region of of the OXA-51-like, ADC-7, and ampC genes was confirmed. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) demonstrated that all 26 CRAB isolates were either sequence type (ST)-229 or ST-2. Interestingly, ST-2 went from being the minority CRAB strain in the 2010-2011 isolates to the predominant strain in the 2015 isolates (from 32 to 90%). We show that the ST-2 strains have an enhanced ability to produce biofilms in comparison to the ST-229 strains, and this fact has potentially led to more successful colonization of the clinical environment over time.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides a longitudinal genetic and phenotypic survey of two CRAB sequence types, and suggests how their differing phenotypes may interact with the selective pressures of a hospital setting effecting strain dominance over a 5-year period.

KEYWORDS:

Acinetobacter baumannii; Biofilm; CRAB; Carbapenem resistance; Colonization; Integrase; Integron cassette; MLST; Multilocus sequence typing; Multiple drug resistance; OXA-23; OXA-40; OXA-51; Plasmid; β-lactamase

PMID:
29145853
PMCID:
PMC5691885
DOI:
10.1186/s12941-017-0248-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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