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J Biomater Sci Polym Ed. 2018 Feb;29(2):160-180. doi: 10.1080/09205063.2017.1406632. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Camptothecin prodrug nanomicelle based on a boronate ester-linked diblock copolymer as the carrier of doxorubicin with enhanced cellular uptake.

Author information

1
a Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Molecular Therapeutics and New Drug Development, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering , East China Normal University , Shanghai , P.R. China.
2
b Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Changzheng Hospital , Naval Medical University , Shanghai , P.R. China.

Abstract

A novel pH-sensitive polymeric prodrug of camptothecin (CPT) by polymerizing γ-camptothecin-glutamate N-carboxyanhydride (Glu (CPT)-NCA) on boronate ester-linked poly (ethyleneglycol) (PEG) directly via the amine-initiated ring open polymerization (ROP) has been developed. The resulting amphiphilic prodrug (mPEG-BC-PGluCPT) could self-assemble into nanoparticles and encapsulate doxorubicin (Dox) simultaneously in aqueous solution for dual-drug delivery. The formation of polymeric prodrug micelles (mPEG-BC@PGluCPT) was confirmed by the measurements of critical aggregation concentration (CAC), particle size, and morphology observations. The mPEG-BC@PGluCPT micelles were colloidally stable in solutions for two weeks. Polymeric prodrug micelles mPEG-BC@PGluCPT and Dox-loaded micelles mPEG-BC@PGluCPT⋅Dox showed sustained drug release profiles over 48 h. As expected, drug release was accelerated by the decreasement of pH value from 7.4 to 6.0, which demonstrated pH-dependent manner of drug release. Additionally, it was found that cellular uptake of mPEG-BC@PGluCPT⋅Dox micelles on HepG2 cells was higher than that on HL-7702 cells, especially in culture medium at pH 6.0. The enhanced cellular uptake of mPEG-BC@PGluCPT⋅Dox micelles under acidic condition on HepG2 cells resulted in the higher cytotoxicity of mPEG-BC@PGluCPT⋅Dox micelles at acidic pH than that at pH 7.4.

KEYWORDS:

Acid-induced degradation; boronate ester; combination therapy; enhanced cellular uptake; polymeric prodrug nanomicelle

PMID:
29145770
DOI:
10.1080/09205063.2017.1406632
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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