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Mol Cells. 2017 Nov 30;40(11):871-879. doi: 10.14348/molcells.2017.0184. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Maintained MPF Level after Oocyte Vitrification Improves Embryonic Development after IVF, but not after Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer.

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Department of Biomedical Science, College of Life Science, CHA University, Seongnam 13488, Korea.
Fertility Center of CHA Gangnam Medical Center, College of Medicine, CHA University, Seoul 06135, Korea.


Levels of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in oocytes decline after vitrification, and this decline has been suggested as one of the main causes of low developmental competence resulting from cryoinjury. Here, we evaluated MPF activity in vitrified mouse eggs following treatment with caffeine, a known stimulator of MPF activity, and/or the proteasome inhibitor MG132. Collected MII oocytes were vitrified and divided into four groups: untreated, 10 mM caffeine (CA), 10 μM MG132 (MG), and 10 mM caffeine +10 μM MG132 (CA+MG). After warming, the MPF activity of oocytes and their blastocyst formation and implantation rates in the CA, MG, and CA+MG groups were much higher than those in the untreated group. However, the cell numbers in blastocysts did not differ among groups. Analysis of the effectiveness of caffeine and MG132 for improving somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology using cryopreserved eggs showed that supplementation did not improve the blastocyst formation rate of cloned mouse eggs. These results suggest that maintaining MPF activity after cryopreservation may have a positive effect on further embryonic development, but is unable to fully overcome cryoinjury. Thus, intrinsic factors governing the developmental potential that diminish during oocyte cryopreservation should be explored.


MG132; caffeine; maturation-promoting factor; mouse oocytes; vitrification

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