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PLoS Biol. 2017 Nov 16;15(11):e2003995. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2003995. eCollection 2017 Nov.

The prehistory of biology preprints: A forgotten experiment from the 1960s.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Abstract

In 1961, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) began to circulate biological preprints in a forgotten experiment called the Information Exchange Groups (IEGs). This system eventually attracted over 3,600 participants and saw the production of over 2,500 different documents, but by 1967, it was effectively shut down following the refusal of journals to accept articles that had been circulated as preprints. This article charts the rise and fall of the IEGs and explores the parallels with the 1990s and the biomedical preprint movement of today.

PMID:
29145518
PMCID:
PMC5690419
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.2003995
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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