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Chemosphere. 2018 Jan;191:990-1007. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.115. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Pyrethroid pesticide residues in the global environment: An overview.

Author information

1
College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266071, China.
2
College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266071, China. Electronic address: yandongyun666@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Pyrethroids are synthetic organic insecticides with low mammalian toxicity that are widely used in both rural and urban areas worldwide. After entering the natural environment, pyrethroids circulate among the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas and enter organisms through food chains, resulting in substantial health risks. This review summarized the available studies on pyrethroid residues since 1986 in different media at the global scale and indicated that pyrethroids have been widely detected in a range of environments (including soils, water, sediments, and indoors) and in organisms. The concentrations and detection rates of agricultural pyrethroids, which always contain α-cyanogroup (α-CN), such as cypermethrin and fenvalerate, decline in the order of crops > sediments > soils > water. Urban pyrethroids (not contain α-CN), such as permethrin, have been detected at high levels in the indoor environment, and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid, a common pyrethroid metabolite in human urine, is frequently detected in the human body. Pyrethroid pesticides accumulate in sediments, which are a source of pyrethroid residues in aquatic products.

KEYWORDS:

Ecological risks; Pyrethroids; Residue distributions; Transport pathways

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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