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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2018 May;53(5):616-620. doi: 10.1080/00365521.2017.1402206. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

EUS-guided lauromacrogol ablation of insulinomas: a novel treatment.

Author information

1
a Department of Gastroenterology , First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University , Nanning , P.R. China.
2
b Endocrinology Department , First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University , Nanning , P.R. China.
3
c Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery , First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University , Nanning , P.R. China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

EUS-guided ablation with ethanol has been used to treat insulinoma since 2006 as a minimally invasive alternative for those who are unwilling or unsuitable for surgeries. However, pancreatic fistula, pancreatitis and other adverse effects were found after the procedure in these patients. Herein, we aimed to find a novel feasible injection.

METHODS:

Seven patients with different chief complaints were diagnosed with insulinoma by symptoms, lab results and pathology results from EUS fine needle aspiration. All the patients refused to have surgeries and were treated by EUS-guided ablation with lauromacrogol. The injection volume was calculated by tumor size. All the patients were followed up by at least 1 month to see if there is any adverse effect. Blood glucose (BG), insulin and C-peptide levels were monitored before and after the procedure.

RESULTS:

Insulinoma size ranged from 0.76 cm ×0.84 cm to 3.39 cm ×1.84 cm. With a mean injection volume of 1.9 ml (range from 0.9 to 3.9 ml), all the patients showed relief in symptoms after the procedure. During the follow up, their BG, insulin and C-peptide levels went back to normal. None of the patients had any adverse effect.

CONCLUSIONS:

EUS-guided ablation with lauromacrogol showed good treatment results and received no adverse effect after the procedure. Hence, we consider it as an effective and safe method to treat insulinoma.

KEYWORDS:

EUS fine needle injection (EUS-FNI); insulinoma; lauromacrogol

PMID:
29141488
DOI:
10.1080/00365521.2017.1402206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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