Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acad Med. 2017 Nov 14. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002052. [Epub ahead of print]

Gender Disparities in Medical Student Research Awards: A Thirteen-Year Study From the Yale School of Medicine.

Author information

1
J.T. King Jr is chief, Section of Neurosurgery, Surgical Service, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut; and associate professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. N.R. Angoff is associate dean, Student Affairs, and associate professor, Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. J.N. Forrest Jr is director, Office of Student Research, and professor, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. A.C. Justice is staff physician, Division of General Internal Medicine, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut; professor, Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; and professor, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research.

METHOD:

The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression modeling examined gender differences in medical student research awards.

RESULTS:

Women authored 50.9% of theses, but earned only 30.9% of highest honors awards (OR 0.41, 95% CI: 0.23, 0.74). Among factors associated with increased receipt of highest honors that differed by gender, men were more likely than women to work with a mentor with a history of 3 or more thesis honorees, take a fifth year of study, secure competitive research funding, undertake an MD-Master of Health Science degree, and conduct laboratory research (for all, P < .001). After adjustment for these factors, and for underrepresented in medicine status and sponsoring department, women remained less likely to receive highest honors (OR 0.51, 95% CI: 0.27, 0.98).

CONCLUSIONS:

Women medical students at YSM were less likely to receive highest honors for medical research. Gender disparities in postgraduate biomedical research success may start during undergraduate medical education.Written work prepared by employees of the Federal Government as part of their official duties is, under the U.S. Copyright Act, a "work of the United States Government" for which copyright protection under Title 17 of the United States Code is not available. As such, copyright does not extend to the contributions of employees of the Federal Government.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wolters Kluwer
    Loading ...
    Support Center