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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2018 Feb 1;14(2):471-477. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2017.1403695. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Pharmacists as vaccinators: An analysis of their experiences and perceptions of their new role.

Author information

1
a Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
2
b Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
3
c Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia , Canada.
4
d Pedipharm Consultants , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
5
e Immunize Canda , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
6
f Ontario College of Pharmacists , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
7
g Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy , Univeristy of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In 2012, Ontario pharmacists were granted immunization privileges to administer influenza vaccines to the public. This study explored the experiences and practices of pharmacist vaccinators and the impact of vaccination pain on their practice.

METHODS:

Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 pharmacists in the Greater Toronto Area. Transcribed interview data were coded and analyzed via thematic analysis.

KEY FINDINGS:

Data analysis revealed 4 main themes: 1) expanded scope of practice as an enhancement and challenge to relationships; 2) professional satisfaction and workload demands; 3) knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and fear; 4) practices regarding pain and fear management. Pharmacists reported satisfaction in their new role, despite the associated increased workload. Pharmacists felt that vaccination pain was not a key consideration when administering vaccines and that pain management was generally not necessary. Fear was identified as more important than pain and vaccinating children was challenging and time intensive. Pharmacists' main focus was on injection techniques in managing pain.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that pharmacists are accepting of their role as vaccinators but more research is needed to examine impact on workload and pharmacist knowledge and perceptions of injection-related pain and fear.

KEYWORDS:

Immunizations; Influenza Vaccine; Pain; Pharmacists; Vaccinators

PMID:
29140749
PMCID:
PMC5806653
DOI:
10.1080/21645515.2017.1403695
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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