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Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2018 Apr;17(4):297-304. doi: 10.1177/1474515117741893. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

A cross-sectional study of ethnicity-based differences in treatment seeking for symptoms of acute coronary syndrome.

Author information

1
1 St. Paul's Hospital, Providence Health Care, Canada.
2
2 University of British Columbia, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patient-related delays in acquiring medical care for symptoms of acute coronary syndrome remain unacceptably long. Many clinical and sociodemographic characteristics associated with treatment-seeking delay are known; however, ethnicity has not been extensively evaluated.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to examine ethnicity-based differences in the time-to-treatment-seeking intervals of patients experiencing symptoms of acute coronary syndrome.

METHOD:

Data for this descriptive study were collected for the larger Acute Coronary Syndrome Care in Emergency Departments (ASCEND) study. The larger study is a prospective, observational study in which patients presenting to hospital emergency departments and triaged as having symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome are identified. The primary outcome of this study, the time-to-treatment-seeking interval, was defined as the time between symptom onset and treatment seeking. The predictor variable, ethnicity, was measured with self-reported data and categorised as Chinese, South Asian, or 'Other' ethnic group. Participants in the 'Other' ethnic group were predominantly of European ancestry. Univariate and multivariate analyses were undertaken, along with nonparametric testing.

RESULTS:

The study sample consisted of 419 participants: 36 Chinese, 126 South Asian, and 257 'Other' participants. The median time-to-treatment-seeking interval, for the total sample, was 180 minutes. A Kruskal-Wallis test demonstrated no statistically significant differences in the time-to-treatment-seeking intervals by ethnicity.

CONCLUSION:

No ethnicity-based differences in the time-to-treatment-seeking intervals for symptoms of acute coronary syndrome were found. It is possible that Chinese and South Asian patients living in western countries are more aware of the potential signs and symptoms of acute coronary syndrome or feel more confident to access healthcare services than they have been previously.

KEYWORDS:

Ethnicity; acute coronary syndrome; health-seeking behaviour; treatment-seeking delay

PMID:
29140107
DOI:
10.1177/1474515117741893

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