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J Clin Psychol. 2018 Jun;74(6):940-952. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22558. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Understanding the association between discrimination and depression among sexual minority people of color: Evidence for diminishing returns of socioeconomic advantage.

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1
Virginia Commonwealth University, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the differential association of heterosexism and racism on depression as moderated by socioeconomic status (SES) among sexual minority people of color.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional sample of sexual minority people of color (n = 170) was surveyed on their experiences of heterosexism, racism, depression, and SES in a national online study based in the United States.

RESULTS:

Bivariately, SES was inversely associated with depression, racism, and heterosexism. Moderation analyses found that for individuals with less socioeconomic advantage, the associations between heterosexism and depression were not as strong. However, at higher socioeconomic advantage, heterosexism was more strongly positively associated with depression.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that the effects of discrimination on depression in sexual minority individuals of color may be accentuated at higher socioeconomic levels. Implications suggest helping sexual minority clients of color from higher SES backgrounds explore the effects of discrimination on their mental health.

KEYWORDS:

depression; discrimination; racial/ethnic minorities; sexual minorities; socioeconomic status

PMID:
29139126
DOI:
10.1002/jclp.22558

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