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J Immigr Minor Health. 2018 Oct;20(5):1053-1059. doi: 10.1007/s10903-017-0673-6.

Immigrant Trauma and Mental Health Outcomes Among Latino Youth.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC, 20052, USA. sdcleary@gwu.edu.
2
Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC, 20052, USA.
3
Rivera Group, Inc., Washington, DC, USA.
4
Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Two-thirds of youth experienced at least one traumatic event, 44% experienced an event once, and 23% experienced two or more traumatic events during migration. Trauma experienced at different migration stages was associated with distinctive mental health outcomes. It is essential that access to culturally sensitive assessment and treatment services be available to ensure transition to a healthy adulthood.

KEYWORDS:

Immigrant; Latino; Mental health; Trauma; Youth

PMID:
29139024
PMCID:
PMC6436088
DOI:
10.1007/s10903-017-0673-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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