Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Public Health. 1989 Feb;79(2):182-7.

A randomized trial of a serialized self-help smoking cessation program for pregnant women in an HMO.

Author information

1
Maxicare Research & Educational Foundation, Los Angeles, CA 90045.

Abstract

We report the results of a population-based randomized clinical trial that tested the effectiveness of a prenatal self-help smoking cessation program. The intervention consisted predominantly of printed materials received through the mail. The population (n = 242) consisted of a socioeconomically and ethnically diverse group of pregnant women enrolled in a large health maintenance organization (HMO) who reported they were smoking at the time of their first prenatal visit. Biochemical confirmation of continuous abstinence achieved prior to the 20th completed week of pregnancy and lasting through delivery revealed 22.2 per cent of the women in the eight-week serialized program quit versus 8.6 per cent of controls with usual care. The adjusted odds ratio was 2.80 (95 per cent CI = 1.17, 6.69). We conclude that a low-cost prenatal self-help intervention can significantly affect the public health problem of smoking during pregnancy and its associated risks for maternal and child health.

PMID:
2913837
PMCID:
PMC1349930
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.79.2.182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center