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Ultrason Sonochem. 2018 Mar;41:279-287. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2017.09.031. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Synthesis of nanocomposites of iron oxide/gold (Fe3O4/Au) loaded on activated carbon and their application in water treatment by using sonochemistry: Optimization study.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, P.O. Box 14515-755, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, P.O. Box 14515-755, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: Hn_aghaie@yahoo.com.
3
Chemistry Department, Yasouj University, Yasouj 75918-74831, Iran. Electronic address: m_ghaedi@mail.yu.ac.ir.
4
Chemistry Department, Yasouj University, Yasouj 75918-74831, Iran.

Abstract

This paper focuses on the finding best operational conditions using response surface methodology (RSM) for Rhodamine123 (R123) and Disulfine blue (DSB) dyes removal by ultrasound assisted adsorption onto Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (Au-Fe3O4 NPs-AC). The influences of variables such as initial R123 (X1) and DSB concentration (X2), pH (X3), adsorbent mass (X4) and sonication time (X5) on their removal were investigated by small central composite design (CCD) under response surface methodology. The significant variables and the possible interactions among variables were investigated and estimated accordingly. The best conditions were set as: 4min, 4.0, 0.025g, 13.5 and 26.5mgL-1 for sonication time, pH, adsorbent weight, initial R123 and DSB concentration, respectively. At above conditions, the adsorption equilibrium and kinetic follow the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic model, respectively. The maximum monolayer capacity (Qmax) of 71.46 and 76.38mgg-1 for R123 and DSB show sufficiency of model for well presentation of experimental data.

KEYWORDS:

Au-Fe(3)O(4) NPs-AC; Disulfine blue; Isotherm; Response surface methodology; Rhodamine123; Ultrasound wave

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