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Public Health Rep. 2017 Nov/Dec;132(2_suppl):81S-87S. doi: 10.1177/0033354917726328.

Bridging Public Health and Education: Results of a School-Based Physical Activity Program to Increase Student Fitness.

Author information

1
1 HealthMPowers, Inc, Norcross, GA, USA.
2
2 Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA.
3
3 Department of Sport Management, Wellness, and Physical Education, College of Education, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Power Up for 30 (PU30) is a schoolwide intervention that encourages schools to provide an additional 30 minutes of physical activity during the school day, beyond physical education. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PU30 on Georgia public elementary schools and their students.

METHODS:

A total of 719 of 1320 public elementary schools in Georgia that were sent a baseline survey about school physical activity during October 2013 to September 2014 completed the survey, 160 of which were asked to complete a second survey. In the interim (March to June 2015), half (80) of these schools implemented the PU30 program. The interim surveys, which were completed during March to June 2015, assessed opportunities for student physical activity and staff member professional development focused on student physical activity.

RESULTS:

Compared with schools that had not implemented the program, more schools using the PU30 program reported offering before- and after-school physical activity programs. Forty-four of 78 (57%) PU30 schools compared with 20 of 53 (38%) non-PU30 schools offered before-school physical activity programs. Likewise, more PU30 schools than non-PU30 schools offered after-school physical activity programs (35% vs 16%), and a greater proportion of students at PU30 schools compared with non-PU30 schools met fitness benchmarks: recess 5 days per week (91% [288 of 323] vs 80% [273 of 341]), offering ≥11 minutes per day of classroom-based physical activity (39% [53 of 136] vs 25% [47 of 189] for kindergarten through second grade; 20% [37 of 187] vs 6% [9 of 152] for grades 3 through 5), and receiving physical activity-related professional development time (42% [136 of 323] vs 14% [48 of 341]).

CONCLUSIONS:

The surveys provided a statewide picture of the physical activity opportunities offered to students and staff members in Georgia elementary schools and demonstrated the effective use of a comprehensive, multicomponent program to offer more school-based physical activity opportunities and to improve student fitness.

KEYWORDS:

physical activity; school; youth

PMID:
29136492
PMCID:
PMC5692179
[Available on 2018-11-01]
DOI:
10.1177/0033354917726328
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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