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Curr Eye Res. 2018 Feb;43(2):200-207. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2017.1390770. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Crosslinking Enzyme Lysyl Oxidase Modulates Scleral Remodeling in Form-Deprivation Myopia.

Yuan Y1,2,3, Li M1,2,3, Chen Q1,2,3, Me R1,2,3, Yu Y1,2,3, Gu Q1,2,3, Shi G1,2,3, Ke B1,2,3.

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a Department of Ophthalmology , Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , China.
b Shanghai Key Laboratory of Fundus Disease , Shanghai , China.
c Shanghai Engineering Center for Visual Science and Photomedicine , Shanghai , China.



Scleral remodeling causes the excessive ocular elongation that underlies myopia. Lysyl oxidase (LOX), a copper-containing amine oxidase, can catalyze collagen and elastin crosslinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of LOX in scleral remodeling in form-deprivation myopia (FDM).


Seventy-five guinea pigs were randomly divided into five groups as follows: a normal control group, an FDM group, an FDM plus β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) group, an FDM plus TGF-β1 (TGF-β1) group, and an FDM plus vehicle group. A translucent diffuser was used to induce FDM, and intravitreal injection was used to administer BAPN, TGF-β1 or vehicle. The scleral LOX and collagen gene and protein levels and the posterior scleral ultrastructure and biomechanics were measured.


In the FDM group, both the scleral LOX and collagen gene and protein levels were significantly lower than those in the control eyes. The collagen fibril diameters were significantly decreased in the FDM group compared with the diameters in the control group. A significant decrease in LOX gene and protein expression was observed after BAPN injection, and an increase was observed after TGF-β1 treatment compared with the levels in the FDM group. Additionally, the scleral collagen fibrils were significantly decreased in the BAPN-treated eyes but increased in the TGF-β1-treated eyes compared with the FDM eyes. The ultimate stress and Young's modulus of the sclera were lowest in the BAPN group, followed by the FDM group and the TGF-β1 group. The ultimate strain (%) of the sclera was lowest in the TGF-β1 group, followed by the FDM group and the BAPN group.


LOX expression was significantly lowered in myopic sclera. Modulating LOX expression induced a change in both the scleral collagen fibril diameter and the scleral biomechanics. Therefore, LOX may play a key role in the myopia scleral remodeling procedure.


Scleral remodeling; collagen fibril; form-deprivation myopia; lysyl oxidase; scleral biomechanics

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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