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Eur J Sport Sci. 2018 Feb;18(1):140-149. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1400109. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

The association between physical activity and chronic diseases in European adults.

Author information

1
a Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte y la Educación Física , Universidad de A Coruña , A Coruña , España.
2
b Centro Interdisciplinar de Estudo da Performance Humana, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana , Universidade de Lisboa , Lisboa , Portugal.
3
c Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública , Universidade Nova de Lisboa , Lisboa , Portugal.
4
d Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa , Lisboa , Portugal.
5
e Faculdade de Motricidade Humana , Universidade de Lisboa , Lisboa , Portugal.
6
f William James Center for Research , Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada , Lisboa , Portugal.

Abstract

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and are considered to be at epidemic levels worldwide. This is a cross-sectional multi-country study based on data from the European Social Survey round 7, 2014, comprising 30,826 participants (14,813 men) with mean age 50.4 ± 18.0. Physical activity and chronic diseases were self-reported. Men and women who practiced physical activity more often had lower odds of having heart problems, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Engaged in physical activity 2-4 times/week and ≥5 times/week decrease the odds of having heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, compared with men and women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week. For the women, the practice of physical activity ≥5 times/week was significantly and negatively associated with having cancer, when compared with women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week. Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases, in particular: heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, allergies, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Furthermore, even small amounts of weekly physical activity seem to decrease the risk of chronic diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic disease; lifestyle; quantitative study

PMID:
29134857
DOI:
10.1080/17461391.2017.1400109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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