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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Jan;25(3):2664-2671. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-0705-8. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Health risk assessment of arsenic and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Co, Pb, and Sn) through consumption of caviar of Acipenser persicus from Southern Caspian Sea.

Author information

1
Department of the Environment, College of Basic Sciences, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran. soheil_sobhan@yahoo.com.
2
Department of the Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran.
3
Department of Fisheries, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.

Abstract

In the current study contents of As, Cd, Cu, Co, Pb, and Sn were determined in the caviar of Persian sturgeon collected from Southern Caspian Sea sampling site. After acid digestion of caviar specimens, the concentrations of elements determined using ICP-OES. The results showed that the mean concentrations (mg kg-1) of elements in caviar samples were 0.01 for As, 0.05 for Cd, 1.42 for Cu, 0.01 for Co, 0.01 for Pb, and 0.28 for Sn and for all the elements are significantly lower than the adverse level for the human consumption. Also, health risk index (HRI) values were within the safe limits (HRI < 1). Therefore, there is no potential health risk to adults and children via consumption of caviar. Due to the discharge of hazardous chemicals into the marine ecosystems especially the Caspian Sea, residue analysis of pollutants in the sea foods is recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Caspian Sea; Caviar; Food safety; Health risk; Heavy metals

PMID:
29134524
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-017-0705-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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