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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Feb;13(2):327-36.

Left ventricular diastolic function: comparison of pulsed Doppler echocardiographic and hemodynamic indexes in subjects with and without coronary artery disease.

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Department of Internal Medicine, St. Louis University School of Medicine, Missouri.


To evaluate the influence of left ventricular chamber stiffness and relaxation on Doppler echocardiographic indexes of diastolic function, 35 patients (mean age 60 +/- 12 years) were examined; 24 had coronary artery disease and 11 (Group I) had no cardiovascular disease. Micromanometer left ventricular pressure was recorded simultaneously with Doppler echocardiograms of mitral valve inflow and M-mode echocardiograms of left ventricular diameter. The chamber stiffness constant (k) was derived from the pressure-diameter relation. Relaxation was assessed by the isovolumic relaxation time constant (tau) derived from the exponential left ventricular pressure decay. The patients with coronary artery disease were classified into two groups on the basis of complete (Group II; n = 10) and incomplete (Group III; n = 14) relaxation. In Group I (no coronary disease), significant correlations were demonstrated between the chamber stiffness constant and the peak early filling velocity (r = 0.73; p less than 0.02), peak early to atrial filling velocity ratio (r = 0.82; p less than 0.005), atrial time-velocity integral (r = -0.73; p less than 0.02), early to atrial time-velocity integral ratio (r = 0.70; p less than 0.05), percent atrial contribution to filling (r = -0.64; p less than 0.05) and one-half filling fraction (r = 0.73; p less than 0.02). In Group II (coronary disease with complete relaxation), the chamber stiffness constant correlated with peak early filling velocity (r = 0.68; p less than 0.05), early filling time-velocity integral (r = 0.65; p less than 0.05) and early to atrial time-velocity integral ratio (r = 0.74; p less than 0.02). No correlations between k and Doppler indexes were found in Group III (coronary disease with incomplete relaxation). However, Group III demonstrated significant correlations between tau and the peak early filling velocity (r = -0.71; p less than 0.005), percent atrial contribution to filling (r = 0.56; p less than 0.05) and mean acceleration rate of early filling (r = -0.79; p less than 0.002). Thus, in subjects with normal relaxation, increasing chamber stiffness was associated with an enhanced peak early filling velocity and volume and decreased filling during atrial systole. This finding differs strikingly from the proposed influence of chamber stiffness on diastolic filling postulated by several researchers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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