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Nephron. 2018;138(2):119-128. doi: 10.1159/000482016. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Value of Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Assay during Parathyroidectomy in Dialysis and Renal Transplant Patients with Secondary and Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism.

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Division of Nephrology, Bone and Mineral Metabolism, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
Division of Nephrology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
Section of Endocrine Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.



In dialysis and renal transplant patients with secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism (HPT), the value of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) during parathyroidectomy (PTX) and its association with long-term PTH levels are unknown. The present study aims at evaluating the relationship of ioPTH with long-term PTH levels post-PTX in dialysis and renal transplant patients in a single-center study.


The ioPTH was measured in 57 dialysis patients (33 females and 24 males) and 18 renal transplant recipients (12 males and 6 females) who underwent PTX from 2005 to 2015 for refractory HPT. Near-total PTX was performed in 56 patients and total PTX with autotransplantation in 20 patients. The PTH monitoring included 3 samples: pre-intubation, 10- and 20-min (pre-ioPTH, 10-ioPTH, and 20-ioPTH) post parathyroid gland excision. Patients were followed up for up to 5 years.


In the dialysis group, the median (25th-75th percentile) pre-, 10-, and 20-ioPTH levels were 1,447 pg/mL (938-2,176), 143 pg/mL (78-244) and 112 pg/mL (59-153) respectively. In the renal transplant group, pre-, 10-, and 20-ioPTH levels were 273 pg/mL (180-403), 42 pg/mL (25-72), and 34 pg/mL (23-45) respectively. All patients in the transplant group had a functional kidney transplant at the time of PTX with a median serum creatinine of 1.3 mg/dL (1.2-1.7) and estimated glomerular filtration rate of 55 mL/min (40-60). The median time between renal transplant and PTX surgeries was 22 months (7-81). The last median follow-up PTH level was 66 pg/mL (15-201) in the dialysis group and 54 pg/mL (17-72) in the transplant group (p = 0.438). The mean time for last PTH post-PTX was 2.3 ± 2.0 years. In both groups, there was no significant difference between 20-ioPTH and any-time post-PTX PTH levels (p = 0.6 and p = 0.9). Nineteen patients (25%) were readmitted within 90 days because of hypocalcemia. One patient in the dialysis group was readmitted for post-PTX hematoma evacuation. No patient required repeat PTX because of recurrent HPT that was refractory to medical therapy. Only one dialysis patient required repeat PTX because the first procedure failed.


The 20-ioPTH is a good indicator of long-term PTH levels in dialysis and renal transplant patients. Hypocalcemia is a common complication, particularly in dialysis patients, and it is the main reason for readmission after PTX. Hypoparathyroidism is a potential concern after PTX in dialysis patients.


Parathyroidectomy; Dialysis; End-stage renal disease; Hyperparathyroidism; Intraoperative parathyroid hormone ; Renal transplant


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