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Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017 Dec;55:20-29. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2017.09.001. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Bartonella, bats and bugs: A review.

Author information

1
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, United States.
2
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, United States. Electronic address: bbchomel@ucdavis.edu.
3
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología, Hospital de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico.
4
ComUE Paris Est, Ecole nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort, UMR BIPR 956 ENVA ANSES INRA, 94704 Maisons-Alfort, France.
5
Graduate Institute of Microbiology and Public Health, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

Ecological, immunological, and epidemiological factors enable bats to transmit an increasingly recognized spectrum of zoonotic agents, and bartonellae are among those emerging pathogens identified in bats and their arthropod ectoparasites. Current data reveal a multifaceted disease ecology where diverse host species distributed around the world interact with a number of Bartonella spp. and several potential vectors. This review summarizes the methods and findings of studies conducted since 2005 to illustrate that Bartonella bacteremia varies by bat species, location, and other potential variables, such as diet with a very high prevalence in hematophagous bats. Among bat families, Bartonella prevalence ranged from 7.3% among Nycteridae to 54.4% in Miniopteridae. Further research can build on these current data to better determine risk factors associated with Bartonella infection in bat populations and the role of their ectoparasites in transmission.

KEYWORDS:

Bartonella; Bats; Fleas; Flies; Ticks

PMID:
29127990
DOI:
10.1016/j.cimid.2017.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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