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Eur J Biochem. 1989 Jan 2;178(3):727-39.

Conformational analysis of the sialyl alpha(2----3/6)N-acetyllactosamine structural element occurring in glycoproteins, by two-dimensional NOE 1H-NMR spectroscopy in combination with energy calculations by hard-sphere exo-anomeric and molecular mechanics force-field with hydrogen-bonding potential.

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1
Department of Bio-Organic Chemistry, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The conformation is described of the sialyl alpha(2----3/6)N-acetyllactosamine structural element, frequently occurring in glycoproteins. NOE spectroscopy of NeuAc alpha(2----3)Gal beta(1----4)GlcNAc beta(1----N)Asn and NeuAc alpha(2----6)Gal beta(1----4)GlcNAc beta(1----N)Asn is presented and for each glycosidic linkage, except for the alpha(2----6)-linkage, a number of interglycosidic NOEs are measured. The analysis of these effects is performed using a full relaxation matrix. Analysis of intraresidue NOEs provides a calibration of the calculation method. Hard-sphere exo-anomeric (HSEA) energy calculations indicate a single conformation for the beta(1----4)-linkage in both compounds, both being consistent with the NOE data. HSEA and molecular-mechanics force-field with hydrogen-bonding potential energy calculations both indicate the existence of three preferred conformations for the alpha(2----3)-linkage. The analysis of the NOE spectra are consistent with a distribution over two or three of these conformations; by combination with the energy diagram for this linkage the existence of onyl a single conformation can be excluded. The NOE spectrum of the compound with the alpha(2----6)-linkage indicates a gt orientation for the Gal C-6 hydroxymethyl group. On this basis, the HSEA energy calculations for the alpha(2----6)-linkage indicate an extended low-energy surface with a number of preferred conformations. The absence of NOEs across this linkage is interpreted in terms of a non-rigid, but overall folded conformation of the NeuAc alpha(2----6)Gal beta(1----4)GlcNAc beta structural element. This provides an explanation for the shift effects induced by alpha(2----6) attachment of NeuAc to the N-acetyllactosamine unit.

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