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Eur J Med Chem. 2018 Jan 1;143:1185-1195. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.10.018. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Allicin-inspired pyridyl disulfides as antimicrobial agents for multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Science and Research, School of Pharmacy, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA.
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Science and Research, School of Pharmacy, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA. Electronic address: longt@marshall.edu.

Abstract

A chemical library comprised of nineteen synthesized pyridyl disulfides that emulate the chemical reactivity of allicin (garlic) was evaluated for antimicrobial activity against a panel of pathogenic bacteria. Gram-positive species including vancomycin-intermediate and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA, VRSA) demonstrated the highest level of susceptibility toward analogs with S-alkyl chains of 7-9 carbons in length. Further biological studies revealed that the disulfides display synergy with vancomycin against VRSA, cause dispersal of S. aureus biofilms, exhibit low cytotoxicity, and decelerate S. aureus metabolism. In final analysis, pyridyl disulfides represent a novel class of mechanism-based antibacterial agents that have a potential application as antibiotic adjuvants in combination therapy of S. aureus infections with reduced vancomycin susceptibility.

KEYWORDS:

Allicin; Antibiotics; Disulfides; MRSA; Narrow-spectrum; Staphylococcus aureus; VISA; VRSA

PMID:
29126733
PMCID:
PMC5817985
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.10.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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