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Small. 2017 Dec;13(48). doi: 10.1002/smll.201701964. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Low Temperature Synthesis of Large-Size Anatase TiO2 Nanosheets with Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities.

Author information

1
School of Science, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P. R. China.
2
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400065, P. R. China.
3
Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195-2120, USA.

Abstract

TiO2 nanosheets have continuously been intriguing due to their high surface activities as photocatalyst but still challenging to synthesis large-scale 2D nanostructures. A special microstructure evolution of TiO2 , ripening in aqueous solution at low temperature (≈4 °C), is found for the first time, i.e., from the initial aperiodic atom-networks gradually into low crystallized continuous spongy structure with small crystal facets and ultimately forming large-size anatase nanosheets with exposed (101) and (200) facets. Based on this finding, the synthesized anatase TiO2 nanosheets possess monodispersed large-scale 2D nanostructure so as to exhibit appreciable quantum size effects and remarkable enhanced optical absorption capacity. Using photocatalytic reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) as the probe reaction to evaluate photocatalytic activities of the TiO2 nanosheets, the reductivity of Cr (VI) achieves 99.8% in 15 min under irradiation of 200-800 nm light. At the same time, an in situ Cr (III)-doping occurs spontaneously and triggers pronounced visible light driven photocatalysis, reducing 99% of Cr (VI) in 100 min under irradiation of 400-800 nm light.

KEYWORDS:

hexavalent chromium reductions; large-size nanosheets; low temperature-doping effects; photocatalysis; titanium dioxides

PMID:
29125682
DOI:
10.1002/smll.201701964

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