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Rev Pneumol Clin. 2017 Dec;73(6):299-305. doi: 10.1016/j.pneumo.2017.09.001. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

[Sleep apneas, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk: Data from the Pays de la Loire sleep cohort].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Inserm UMR 1063, université Bretagne Loire, 49100 Angers, France; Département de pneumologie, CHU d'Angers, 49100 Angers, France. Electronic address: frgagnadoux@chu-angers.fr.
2
Inserm UMR 1063, université Bretagne Loire, 49100 Angers, France; Département de pneumologie, CHU d'Angers, 49100 Angers, France.

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a prevalent disease characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete obstruction of upper airway during sleep. Untreated moderate to severe OSAHS is recognized as a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. Data from the Pays de la Loire sleep cohort and other clinic- or population-based cohorts demonstrate a strong association between OSAHS and the different components of the metabolic syndrome including systemic hypertension, diabetes and impaired lipid metabolism. Beside sleep-disordered breathing severity, these factors contribute to increase the risk of CV events in OSAHS patients. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy of OSAHS is associated with a modest but clinically significant blood pressure reduction. Conversely, there is no clear evidence in support of a metabolic impact of CPAP in OSAHS patients. Considering the multifactorial pathophysiology of CV risk in OSAHS patients and the beneficial impact of various lifestyle and pharmacologic interventions on blood pressure and metabolic dysfunction, combined modality therapy is a promising strategy to improve CV outcomes in individuals with OSAHS.

KEYWORDS:

Apnées obstructives du sommeil; Continuous positive airway pressure; Diabetes; Diabète; Dyslipidemia; Dyslipidémie; Hypertension artérielle; Metabolic syndrome; Obstructive sleep apnea; Pression positive continue; Syndrome métabolique; Systemic hypertension

PMID:
29122399
DOI:
10.1016/j.pneumo.2017.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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