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J Perinatol. 2018 Feb;38(2):159-163. doi: 10.1038/jp.2017.170. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Management of neonatal spontaneous intestinal perforation by peritoneal needle aspiration.

Author information

1
Service de Réanimation Néonatale et Infantile, CHU Felix Guyon de la Réunion, Saint-Denis, France.
2
Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique, CHU Félix Guyon de la Réunion, Saint-Denis, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe conservative management of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in preterm infants using peritoneal needle aspiration (PNA).

STUDY DESIGN:

Monocentric retrospective review of SIP cases treated primarily by PNA between 1999 and 2015 (n=31).

RESULTS:

Mean gestational age was 29.2±2.4 weeks and birthweight 1149±428 g. SIP occurred at 3.7±2.2 days of life. PNA achieved definitive treatment in 18 patients (60%) with a mean of 1.8 (±0.8) procedures. All patients requiring more than three PNAs had secondary laparotomy. Two patients died and five presented severe cerebral lesions. Full enteral feeding was achieved 42±18 days after SIP. Intestinal morbidity included cholestasis (n=6), intestinal stricture (n=1) and growth restriction (n=22). On follow-up (n=25, median=4 years), no severe impairment was noted. Seventeen children (68%) had a normal development.

CONCLUSION:

PNA as primary therapy for SIP is a viable option, resulting in definitive treatment in 60% of cases, with limited mortality and morbidity.

PMID:
29120457
DOI:
10.1038/jp.2017.170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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