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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2017;9(3):121-126. doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2017.21. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

Novel therapies for perioperative respiratory complications.

Author information

1
Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Buffalo, NY, USA.
2
State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY, USA.
3
Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Postoperative respiratory complications are of paramount clinical importance as they prolong the hospitalization, increase the costs of treatment and contribute to the perioperative mortality. Obesity, preexisting pulmonary disease and advanced age are known risk factors for developing postoperative respiratory complications, which affect exceeding number of patients. Hereby, we present a review on the pathogenesis of post-operative respiratory complications particularly in obese and older patients. We further focus on the standard management and emerging therapies for the post-operative respiratory complications.

KEYWORDS:

Complication; Perioperative; Respiratory; Surgery

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