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Arch Environ Occup Health. 2019;74(3):130-139. doi: 10.1080/19338244.2017.1400941. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Prevalence and determinants of burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman.

Author information

1
a Psychiatry Residency Training Program, Oman Medical Specialty Board , Muscat , Oman.
2
b Department of Behavioral Medicine , Sultan Qaboos University Hospital , Muscat , Oman.
3
c Department of Behavioral Medicine , College of Medicine and Health Science, Sultan Qaboos University , Muscat , Oman.
4
d Department of Behavioral Medicine , Studies and Research Section, Oman Medical Specialty Board , Muscat , Oman.

Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms among medical students in Oman. Then, it explored whether the three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome (High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism and Low Academic Efficacy) would predict the presence of Depressive Symptoms in a logistic regression model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical students of Sultan Qaboos University. 662 students participated in the study with a response rate of 98%. The prevalence of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms were; 7.4% and 24.5% respectively. Preclinical students reported high levels of both Burnout Syndrome (Odds Ratio-OR 2.83, 95% Confidence Interval CI 1.45-5.54) and Depressive Symptoms (OR 2. 72, 95% CI 1.07-6.89). The three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome(High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism, low Professional efficacy) were statistically significant predictors of the presence of Depressive Symptoms; OR 3.52 (95% CI: 2.21-5.60), OR 3.33 (95% CI:2.10-5.28) and OR 2.07(95%CI:1.32-3.24) respectively. This study indicates that Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms are common among medical students, particularly in preclinical grade. Furthermore, the presence of high occupational burnout elevates the risk of depression.

KEYWORDS:

; (PHQ-9); Burnout syndrome; Oman; depressive symptoms; medical students

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