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Arch Environ Occup Health. 2019;74(3):130-139. doi: 10.1080/19338244.2017.1400941. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Prevalence and determinants of burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman.

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a Psychiatry Residency Training Program, Oman Medical Specialty Board , Muscat , Oman.
b Department of Behavioral Medicine , Sultan Qaboos University Hospital , Muscat , Oman.
c Department of Behavioral Medicine , College of Medicine and Health Science, Sultan Qaboos University , Muscat , Oman.
d Department of Behavioral Medicine , Studies and Research Section, Oman Medical Specialty Board , Muscat , Oman.


This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms among medical students in Oman. Then, it explored whether the three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome (High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism and Low Academic Efficacy) would predict the presence of Depressive Symptoms in a logistic regression model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical students of Sultan Qaboos University. 662 students participated in the study with a response rate of 98%. The prevalence of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms were; 7.4% and 24.5% respectively. Preclinical students reported high levels of both Burnout Syndrome (Odds Ratio-OR 2.83, 95% Confidence Interval CI 1.45-5.54) and Depressive Symptoms (OR 2. 72, 95% CI 1.07-6.89). The three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome(High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism, low Professional efficacy) were statistically significant predictors of the presence of Depressive Symptoms; OR 3.52 (95% CI: 2.21-5.60), OR 3.33 (95% CI:2.10-5.28) and OR 2.07(95%CI:1.32-3.24) respectively. This study indicates that Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms are common among medical students, particularly in preclinical grade. Furthermore, the presence of high occupational burnout elevates the risk of depression.


; (PHQ-9); Burnout syndrome; Oman; depressive symptoms; medical students

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