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Ergonomics. 2018 Apr;61(4):538-552. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2017.1402960. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

Sit-stand workstations and impact on low back discomfort: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
a Department of Medicine , University of California at San Francisco , San Francisco , CA , USA.
2
b Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics , University of California Berkeley , Berkeley , CA , USA.
3
c Environmental Health Sciences , University of California Berkeley , Berkeley , CA , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sit-stand workstations are proposed solutions to reduce sedentary time at work. Numerous companies are using them to mitigate health concerns such as musculoskeletal discomfort.

OBJECTIVE:

To review the literature on sit-stand workstations and low back discomfort.

METHOD:

We conducted a meta-analysis on literature published before 17 November 2016 that addressed the relationship between sit-stand workstations and musculoskeletal discomfort, focusing on the low back.

RESULTS:

Twelve articles were identified and eight that presented results in means (SD) were included. Among a pain-free population, the standardised mean difference was -0.230 for low back discomfort with use of sit-stand workstations. When applying the SMD to studies using the 10-point pain scale, the effect estimates ranged between -0.30 and -0.51.

CONCLUSION:

sit-stand workstations may reduce low back pain among workers. Further research is needed to help quantify dosage parameters and other health outcomes. Practitioner Summary: In a sedentary population, changing posture may reduce the chance of developing low back pain. The literature lacks studies on specific populations such as those who have pre-existing low back pain and also does not adequately address the dosage of sit-stand time required to help reduce pain.

KEYWORDS:

Sit-stand workstation; height adjustable workstation; low back pain; musculoskeletal discomfort; sit-stand desk

PMID:
29115188
DOI:
10.1080/00140139.2017.1402960
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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