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Asian J Neurosurg. 2017 Oct-Dec;12(4):664-669. doi: 10.4103/1793-5482.215765.

Comparison of Stereotactic and Ultrasound-guided Biopsy of Solid Supratentorial Tumor: A Preliminary Report.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, C. N. Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Paras Institute of Neurosciences, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Abstract

Introduction:

The computed tomography (CT) guided stereotactic biopsy (STB) is considered as method of choice for biopsy of intracranial mass lesions. However, it's disadvantages are frame fixation, time requirement for transportation between CT scan suit to the operation theater with added much higher equipment cost in the relatively resource scarred developing country. Ultrasound-guided biopsy (USGB) is relatively simpler, economical, less time consuming, and real-time procedure.

Clinical Materials and Methods:

Thirty-seven consecutively admitted patients with supratentorial brain tumors, who underwent biopsy of the lesion using CT compatible stereotactic and ultrasound-guided (USGB) procedure formed cohort of the study. Based on location and size of the lesions, the cases were divided into two groups, superficial and deep. Twenty-two patients underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy and 15 with STB.

Results:

The diagnostic yield of STB was 93% and 91% for ultrasound-guided biopsy. The mean operation time of STB group was 149.00 min and 94 min for USGB, which was statistically significant. Two cases in each group developed hematoma; however, one case in USGB group needed surgical evacuation. The real-time monitoring detected two hematoma intraoperatively, which were further also confirmed on postoperative CT scan head.

Conclusions:

The ultrasound-guided biopsy procedure (USGB) was simple, relatively shorter time-consuming procedure and equally efficacious and utilizing economical equipment and can act as a safer alternative to CT STB process for biopsy of the intracranial mass lesion. Furthermore, USGB also provided intra-operative real-time monitoring, which provided clue for close monitoring in the postoperative period after completion of biopsy to look for development of fresh hematoma development not only at the biopsy site but also along the biopsy track and adjoining area. Perhaps, a longer period of ultrasonic monitoring following the procedure would be of greater help to detect hematoma formation, which is one of the most common complications of the biopsy procedure.

KEYWORDS:

Computerized tomography guided stereotactic biopsy; operating-time; supratentorial brain lesions; ultrasound-guided biopsy

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