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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Apr;32(7):1184-1190. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2017.1402879. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Medical genetics and genomics training in obstetrics and gynecology residencies: are we ready for the future?

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a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University , Detroit , MI , USA.
b Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , CS Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Wayne State University , Detroit , MI , USA.
c Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics , University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore , Baltimore , MD , USA.
d Department of Pediatrics and Pathology , Center for Molecular Medicine and Genomics, Wayne State University School of Medicine , Detroit , MI , USA.



The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the availability and duration of formal medical genetics and genomics (MGG) education during obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residency training in the United States compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations.


We performed a review of rotation schedules published in all American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited OB/GYN residency programs' websites during the month of December 2016. Information regarding availability and duration of MGG rotation and other noncore OB/GYN rotations (ultrasound, breast health, and family planning) were collected.


Among 256 ACGME-accredited OB/GYN residency programs, rotation schedule was available for 238 (93%). Only 34 programs (14.3%) had some form of MGG rotations. In the GLM, when compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations, the mean duration of MGG rotation was significantly less than ultrasound (0.07 versus 0.57 months, pā€‰<ā€‰.05) and family planning (0.07 versus 0.42 months, pā€‰<ā€‰.05). The number of residents was the only variable significantly correlated with the availability of an MGG rotation (OR 1.07, 95%CI 1.02-1.13).


Despite the growing importance of MGG in day-to-day OB/GYN practice, only a limited number of ACGME-accredited OB/GYN residency programs offer an MGG rotation. When compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations, such as, ultrasound and family planning, any MGG rotation was significantly shorter. With clear evidence that MGG will continue to radically change practice of OB/GYN in the future, it is imperative that steps need to be taken to address this deficiency in training.


Genetics education; genomics education; residency training

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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