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J Cell Physiol. 2018 Jun;233(6):4677-4687. doi: 10.1002/jcp.26240. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

N4 -aryl substituted thiosemicarbazones derived from 1-indanones as potential anti-tumor agents for breast cancer treatment.

Author information

1
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Oncología "Ángel H. Roffo,", Área Investigación, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
3
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Departamento de Farmacología, Cátedra de Química Medicinal, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
4
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Instituto de Química y Metabolismo del Fármaco (IQUIMEFA), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Breast cancer is the first cause of cancer death in women. Many patients are resistant to current therapies, and even those were sensitive at first may eventually become resistant later. Thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) are synthetic compounds that exhibit several pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the potential anti-tumor activity of a set of N4 -arylsubstituted TSCs (N4 -TSCs) on human breast cancer cell lines. Studies on the effect of N4 -TSCs (T1, T2, and T3) were carried on MCF-7, MDA-MB 231, and BT 474 cell lines which differ in their expression of ER, PR, and Her2/neu. Non-transformed MCF-10A breast cell line were used as normal cells. Action of N4 -TSCs were evaluated by proliferation assay, quantification of apoptosis and cell cycle analysis. Modulation of clonogenic efficiency and migratory capacity by N4 -TSCs were also evaluated. We further investigated the effects of N4 -TSCs on ROS level and Ribonucleotide Reductase (RR) activity. We analyzed the action of these compounds on cellular mammosphere-forming capacity. We found that T1 and T2 had specific anti-tumor effect on all breast cancer cell lines based on their pro-apoptotic action and inhibitory effect on clonogenic efficiency and cell migration capacity. We also showed that both compounds increased ROS level and inhibited RR activity. Finally, we found that all N4 -TSCs diminished mammospehere-forming capacity of MCF-7 and BT 474 cells. N4 -TSCs showed specific anti-tumor action on human breast cancer cells independently their biomarkers expression pattern. Our results place these compounds as promising novel anti-tumor drugs with potential therapeutic application against different types of breast cancer.

KEYWORDS:

N4-TSCs; human breast cancer; ribonucleotide reductase; ros

PMID:
29111571
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.26240

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