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Bone. 2018 Feb;107:36-44. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2017.10.024. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Moderate-intensity 4mT static magnetic fields prevent bone architectural deterioration and strength reduction by stimulating bone formation in streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Aviation Medicine Research Institute, Beijing 100089, China.
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China.
3
Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Aviation Medicine Research Institute, Beijing 100089, China. Electronic address: zxdtiger@126.com.
4
Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Aviation Medicine Research Institute, Beijing 100089, China. Electronic address: qingshunshan@outlook.com.

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has been associated with deterioration of bone microarchitecture and strength, resulting in increased fracture risk. Substantial studies have revealed the capacity of moderate-intensity static magnetic fields (SMF) on promoting osteoblastogenesis in vitro and stimulating bone growth and bone regeneration in vivo, whereas it is unknown whether SMF can resist T1DM-associated osteopenia/osteoporosis. We herein investigated the potential effects of whole-body SMF exposure with 4mT on bone loss in streptozotocin-induced T1DM rats. We found that SMF exposure for 16weeks inhibited architectural deterioration of trabecular bone and cortical bone and mechanical strength reduction in T1DM rats, as evidenced by the MicroCT and 3-point bending findings. Our serum biochemical, bone histomorphometric and PCR results revealed that SMF induced higher serum osteocalcin, mineral apposition rate and osteoblast number of trabecular bone, and higher skeletal osteocalcin, BMP2 and Runx2 gene expression in T1DM rats, whereas SMF showed no significant alteration in serum CTX, skeletal osteoclast number, or osteoclastogenesis-related RANKL-RANK signaling gene expression. Together, our findings suggest that moderate SMF prevented bone architectural deterioration and strength reduction by inhibiting the reduction of bone formation in T1DM rats, and indicate that SMF might become a promising biophysical countermeasure for T1DM-related osteopenia/osteoporosis.

KEYWORDS:

Bone microarchitecture; Bone quality; Static magnetic fields (SMF); Streptozotocin; Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)

PMID:
29111170
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2017.10.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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