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Cell Immunol. 2018 Jan;323:19-32. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2017.10.008. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Sequential delivery of VEGF, FGF-2 and PDGF from the polymeric system enhance HUVECs angiogenesis in vitro and CAM angiogenesis.

Author information

1
Chongqing Research Center for Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Pharmacy, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, PR China; Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Biochemical Technology, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, PR China. Electronic address: baiyan1226@163.com.
2
Chongqing Research Center for Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Pharmacy, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, PR China.
3
Chongqing Research Center for Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Pharmacy, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, PR China. Electronic address: zlkdyx@126.com.

Abstract

Angiogenesis is an organized series of events, beginning with vessel destabilization, followed by endothelial cell re-organization, and ending with vessel maturation. The formation of a mature vascular network requires precise spatial and temporal regulation of a large number of angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). VEGF aids in vascular permeability and endothelial cell recruitment, FGF-2 activates endothelial cell proliferation and migration while PDGF stimulates vascular stability. Accordingly, VEGF may inhibit vessel stabilization while PDGF may inhibit endothelial cell recruitment. Therefore, a new polymeric system was prepared by the supercritical carbon dioxide foaming technology, which realized sequential delivery of two or more growth factors with the controlled dose and rate. Increased release of VEGF (71.10%) and FGF-2 (69.76%) compared to PDGF (43.17%) was observed for the first 7 days. Thereafter, up till 21 days, an increased rate of release of BMP-2 compared to VEGF 165 was observed. The effects of PDGF-PLAms/VEGF-FGF-2-PLGA scaffolds on angiogenesis were investigated by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) angiogenic differentiation in vitro and chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) angiogenesis in vivo. Sequential delivery of VEGF, FGF-2 and PDGF from structural polymer scaffolds with distinct kinetics resulted in significant angiogenic differentiation of HUVECs and rapid formation of mature vascular networks in chorioallantoic membrane. This study reported a composite scaffold with distinct release kinetics, and these results clearly indicated the importance of sequential delivery of multiple growth factors in tissue regeneration and engineering.

KEYWORDS:

Angiogenesis; Controlled release; Growth factors; Supercritical CO(2)

PMID:
29111157
DOI:
10.1016/j.cellimm.2017.10.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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