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Oncotarget. 2017 Sep 8;8(45):79023-79033. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.20784. eCollection 2017 Oct 3.

Overexpression of miR-26b decreases the cisplatin-resistance in laryngeal cancer by targeting ATF2.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China, 150086.

Abstract

Cisplatin is a common used chemotherapeutic drug for the treatment of laryngeal cancer. However, drug-resistance is a major obstacle in platinum-based chemotherapy for laryngeal cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is responsible for chemoresistance in multiple cancers including laryngeal cancer, but the potential mechanisms are required to be explored. In the present study, we constantly exposed the laryngeal cancer cell line Hep-2 with cisplatin to establish a cisplatin-resistant laryngeal cancer cell model (Hep-2/R). We found that Hep-2/R cells exhibited obvious resistance to cisplatin compared to the Hep-2 cells. However, overexpression of miR-26b significantly decreased the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplatin to Hep-2/R. Mechanically, miR-26b in Hep-2/R decreased the expression of ATF2, and thus inhibiting the phosphorylation of ATF2 and formation of cellular ATF2-c-Jun complex induced by cisplatin. As the results, Hep-2/R cells failed to overexpress the Bcl-xl which is a key anti-apoptotic protein under the cisplatin treatment. Therefore, overexpression of miR-26b was found to be able to promote mitochondrial apoptosis induced by cisplatin.

KEYWORDS:

ATF2; Hep-2/R; cisplatin; laryngeal cancer; miR-26b

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