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Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Dec;110:325-332. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.10.040. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Association of changes in ER stress-mediated signaling pathway with lead-induced insulin resistance and apoptosis in rats and their prevention by A-type dimeric epigallocatechin-3-gallate.

Author information

1
School of Life Science, Jiangsu Normal University, No.101, Shanghai Road, Tangshan New Area, 221116, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, PR China. Electronic address: lcm9009@126.com.
2
School of Chemistry Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, No. 180, Huixing Road, 643000, Zigong City, Sichuan Province, PR China.
3
School of Life Science, Jiangsu Normal University, No.101, Shanghai Road, Tangshan New Area, 221116, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, PR China.

Abstract

A-type dimeric epigallocatechin-3-gallate (A-type-EGCG-dimer, AEd), a new proanthocyanidins dimer from persimmon fruits, has been shown to have health benefit effects. However, A-type-EGCG-dimer affects gluose metabolism in the liver and the underlying mechanism is not clarified. The present study aims to examine the protective effects of A-type-EGCG-dimer on Pb-induced hepatic insulin resistance, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis in rats. Male wistar rats exposed to 0.05% w/v Pb acetate in the drinking water with or without A-type-EGCG-dimer coadministration (200 mg/kg body weight/day, intragastrically) for three months. We found that A-type-EGCG-dimer and pioglitazone supplementation significantly deceased glucose and insulin levels in plasma as compared with the Pb group. A-type-EGCG-dimer markedly prevents Pb-induced oxidative stress, ER stress and apoptosis in livers. A-type-EGCG-dimer and pioglitazone reduced the expression levels of the GRP78, PEPCK, G6Pase, p-PERK, p-IRE1, p-JNK, ATF4, CHOP and increased p-AKT in livers of the Pb group. Moreover, A-type-EGCG-dimer reduced ROS production and restored the activities of SOD and GPx in livers. A-type-EGCG-dimer decreased Bax, cytosolic cytochrome c and cleaved caspase-3 and increased Bcl-2 in livers of Pb-exposed rats. Our results suggest that A-type-EGCG-dimer might be a potential natural candidate for the prevention of hepatic insulin resistance and apoptosis induced by Pb.

KEYWORDS:

A-type EGCG dimer; Apoptosis; ER stress; Insulin resistance; Lead; Liver

PMID:
29107025
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2017.10.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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