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Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 Apr;37(4):1356-1364. doi: 10.1002/nau.23446. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in Brazil: Results from the epidemiology of LUTS (Brazil LUTS) study.

Author information

1
Astellas Pharma Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil.
2
University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Department of Urology, Moinhos de Vento Hospital, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
4
Kamiyama Statistical Consulting, Sâo Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

AIMS:

We performed the first large population-based study to evaluate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in Brazil. The study objective was to assess the prevalence and bother of LUTS in the population aged ≥40 years in five major cities of Brazil.

METHODS:

This study was conducted as a telephone survey with assessment of LUTS using a standardized protocol, which included the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and, for overactive bladder (OAB), the OAB-V8 questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate how often they experienced individual LUTS and the degree of associated bother.

RESULTS:

Of the 5184 participants, 53% were women, and the age group with most participants (34%) was 50-59 years. The prevalence of LUTS (symptoms occurring less than half the time or more) was 75%: 69% in men and 82% in women. There was a statistically significant association between the frequency and bother intensity of each symptom (P < 0.001). The prevalence of OAB was similar in men and women (25% and 24%, respectively). According to the IPSS questionnaire, moderate-to-severe symptoms were present in 21% of men and 24% of women. LUTS detrimentally affected quality of life in many individuals: 39% would be "mostly dissatisfied," "unhappy," or consider it "terrible" to spend the rest of their life with their urinary condition as it is currently.

CONCLUSIONS:

This was the first nationwide, population-based epidemiological study of LUTS to be performed in Brazil. LUTS are highly prevalent and often bothersome among men and women aged ≥40 years.

KEYWORDS:

Brazil; lower urinary tract symptoms; men; prevalence; women

PMID:
29106747
DOI:
10.1002/nau.23446

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