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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1989 Jan;45(1):28-33.

In vitro characterization of the human cytochrome P-450 involved in polymorphic oxidation of propafenone.

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Dr. Margarete-Fischer-Bosch Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie, Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany.


Propafenone is a new class 1 antiarrhythmic agent. The drug is extensively metabolized. 5-Hydroxylation and N-dealkylation constitute major metabolic pathways. Recently it has been demonstrated that the in vivo metabolism of propafenone is controlled by the debrisoquin/sparteine polymorphism. To elucidate which of the above metabolic reactions is catalyzed by cytochrome P-450db1, the formation of 5-hydroxypropafenone and N-desalkylpropafenone was studied in the microsomal fraction of four human kidney donor livers previously characterized with regard to their ability to hydroxylate the beta-adrenergic antagonist bufuralol. The l'hydroxylation of bufuralol is catalyzed by the P-450db1 responsible for polymorphic debrisoquin/sparteine oxidation. The formation of 5-hydroxypropafenone but not N-desalkylpropafenone was closely related to bufuralol l'hydroxylation. Incubation with LKM1 antibodies, which selectively recognize P-450db1, inhibited 5-hydroxypropafenone formation completely whereas N-dealkylation was unimpaired. Propafenone was a strong competitive inhibitor of bufuralol l'hydroxylation. Thus it can be concluded that 5-hydroxypropafenone is formed by the cytochrome P-450 isozyme involved in polymorphic bufuralol oxidation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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