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Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2018 Feb;17(2):139-147. doi: 10.1080/14740338.2018.1400530. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Skin cancer associated with commonly prescribed drugs: tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNF-αIs), angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) and statins -weighing the evidence.

Author information

1
a Department of Dermatology , Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine , Chicago , IL , USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Skin cancers, including both malignant melanoma (MM) and nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), are the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the US. The incidence of both MM and NMSC continues to rise.

AREAS COVERED:

Current evidence for an association between four of the most commonly prescribed classes of drugs in the U.S. and risk for MM and NMSC is reported. Medline was searched (January 2000 to May 2017) for each drug in the classes and for 'basal cell carcinoma', 'squamous cell carcinoma', 'non-melanoma skin cancer', 'skin cancer' and 'melanoma'. Skin cancer risk information was reported for: tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNF-αIs), angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA)-reductase inhibitors (statins).

EXPERT OPINION:

Since skin cancer risk is associated with all four classes of these commonly prescribed drugs that represent nearly 20% of the Top 100 drugs in the U.S., these important findings warrant enhanced education, especially for prescribers and those patients at high risk for skin cancer.

KEYWORDS:

HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors; Tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors; angiotensin-receptor blockers; basal cell carcinoma; melanoma; non-melanoma skin cancer; phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; skin cancer; squamous cell carcinoma; statins

PMID:
29103328
DOI:
10.1080/14740338.2018.1400530
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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