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Gait Posture. 2018 Jan;59:258-260. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.10.028. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Five times sit-to-stand test in subjects with total knee replacement: Reliability and relationship with functional mobility tests.

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Department of Physical Therapy, University of Murcia, Spain.
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Valencia, Spain.
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Murcia, Spain. Electronic address:


The objective was to determine the inter-observer and test/retest reliability of the "Five-repetition sit-to-stand" (5STS) test in patients with total knee replacement (TKR). To explore correlation between 5STS and two mobility tests. A reliability study was conducted among 24 (mean age 72.13, S.D. 10.67; 50% were women) outpatients with TKR. They were recruited from a traumatology unit of a public hospital via convenience sampling. A physiotherapist and trauma physician assessed each patient at the same time. The same physiotherapist realized a 5STS second measurement 45-60min after the first one. Reliability was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland-Altman plots. Pearson coefficient was calculated to assess the correlation between 5STS, time up to go test (TUG) and four meters gait speed (4MGS). ICC for inter-observer and test-retest reliability of the 5STS were 0.998 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.995-0.999) and 0.982 (95% CI, 0.959-0.992). Bland-Altman plot inter-observer showed limits between -0.82 and 1.06 with a mean of 0.11 and no heteroscedasticity within the data. Bland-Altman plot for test-retest showed the limits between 1.76 and 4.16, a mean of 1.20 and heteroscedasticity within the data. Pearson correlation coefficient revealed significant correlation between 5STS and TUG (r=0.7, p<0.001) and 4MGS (r=-0.583, p=0.003). This study demonstrates excellent inter-observer and test-retest reliability when it is used in people with TKR, and also significant correlation with other functional mobility tests. These findings support the use of 5STS as outcome measure in TKR population.


Five-repetition sit-to-stand test; Reliability; Total knee replacement

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